writing this book, I looked at a few dozen Western and Russian works on ninjutsu, but he could not find anything like a detailed description of the camouflage suit ninja ninja-sedzoku. And sold in the West "shinobi-sedzoku" nothing to do with medieval Japanese spies have.
That was a real ninja camouflage suit, we can judge from the samples of clothing stored in museums ninjutsu in Japan, and Japanese historians renovations, among which it is necessary to highlight the Nauvoo Yumio.
Shinobu-SEDZOKU - "camouflage suit Shinobu»
Terms of ninja imposes stringent requirements on special suits that would allow spy "dissolve in the darkness" did not hinder movement and has been adapted to carry all the necessary tools and accessories. Extant examples of shinobi-sedzoku or shinobi-Bladder but show a very successful solution of these problems Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Camouflage suit shinobi-sedzoku
Camouflage suit shinobi-sedzoku consisted of a jacket with belt uwagi dodzime, special yoke-bakama trousers, dzukin mask hiding the face, hand and glove linings Tekki, leg windings kyahan or asimaki, soft slipper-socks with a special area for large tabi toe, sandals and top jacket waraji uvappari.
hakama pants-kind of like a ninja modern jodhpurs: wide at the top, they had narrowed the shin. This was done to ensure that walking is not clinging to the sleeve bushes, and that they can be used together with the armor gusoku.
Variety hakama used ninja clans of Iga and Koga, anciently called yoke-bakama - "hakama of Iga." Initially, these pants, resembling Japanese female workers mompe-bloomers, put farmers out of the Iga and Koga to work the fields. Trouser-yoke bakama unlike some other types of hakama were separate from each other and ligated together only in the upper part so that the right leg was deeply smell left behind. In the inguinal region remained hole, but the right leg smell let sit Ninja "in the splits" without putting underwear on public display. This design allowed the ninja pants defecate without removing the pants, but only slightly dissolving lace, linked the overlapping parts.
backrest Trouser kroilas longer than the front part. Therefore, even at deep lean forward scout felt no discomfort. As in all these hakama behind at the yoke-bakama plaque has imposed on the back. On the inside of her to "spy" the option of making a long, narrow flat pocket.Top
kimono ninja - uwagi Japanese usually worn for several kimono, but at a lower kimono undershirt we do not stop, because it is nothing "spyware" does not represent a model hankire - "polurazreznoe." It was relatively short in length from the back of the collar to hem about 80 cm Sleeves uwagi made quite wide. In the lower parts, as well as in the popular faith-hnego kimono Genroku period 1688-1704, the time of greatest cultural flowering under the shoguns of the Tokugawa, made voluminous pockets. Wide sleeves to not interfere with walking on bushes, tucking them, and the mouth was tied with cords sleeves according Yumio Nava, was attached to each arm of four lace.In
uwagi traditionally done five hidden pockets. Two long narrow pockets sewn on the back side of both flaps. By tradition, the pocket on the right side was deep, and on the left - fine. In the right pocket ninja-thrust sandzyaku tenugui towel, and left - saw co-shikoro, which could be used for sawing prison lattices, cutting or put like a dagger in the melee.
Large hidden pocket sewn diagonally from the left side against the heart. It placed a copper mirror. It protects the heart from the sword or spear prick. In addition, the mirror could let sunbeams and dazzle enemy observe his actions while your back on him, etc.
Two large hidden pockets are on the outside on the back just above the buttocks. Since the clothing in this place does not constrain movement, pockets made very large, bag-like. When you wear this place is closed hakama pants and get to these pockets without removing the pants, you can only put his hand into the slit between her legs.
Ninja uwagi wore a jacket, pulled her on top of the hakama pants and fastened sash dodzime entire structure. Dodzime was quite long, it is possible to cover the torso twice and fastened on his stomach. But the main feature of the "spy" girdle was that
Fig. 2. Foot winding kyahan
Inside it is a place that had on his stomach, usually as a core inserted vosmisloynuyu iron chain namban Khatidze Kusari. She defended the belt from cutting sword that mattered Ninja colossal. And that would be good "demon" who need to flee, and he pants fall down!
Tekki - manual pad, cover the back of the hand - and kyahan Fig. 2 - foot coil - top and bottom massed shoelaces. And Tekki and kyahan made long narrow sleeves, which can be hidden or syuriken bodze-to-saw shikoro. In addition to its direct weapons purposes, these rods and plates of steel of the highest quality to the feet and hands from cuts sword.
ninja costume complement traditional Japanese tabi socks, slippers with separated thumb Fig. 3.
Some authors represent them in some special "nin-dzevskim" invention, but it is - perfect nonsense, as tabi - part of everyday clothing of all Japanese from small to large. However, the "spy" tabi had some differences. Thus, they had no fasteners of the conventional samples. In an embodiment, the ninja were replaced laces tighten the ankle. Spy tabi had
Fig. 3. Tabi - toe socks with a forked
thick leather sole with a layer of silk wool gasivshey footfall and provide the necessary grip when climbing over the wall, and climb, quilted with a thin layer of the same wool.
Shinobi-waraji Fig. 4 - hiking sandals ninja - as distinguished from the ordinary. They wove not made of straw, and of cotton yarn or bovine skin, making them extremely durable. To further increase the strength, as well as in case the ninja suddenly come to "chestnut" or stumbles into a wolf pit, in the sole or female horse plaited hair, as well as strengthen its tree bark mokuge. To do this, bark soaked in water first, then flattened wooden hammer, impregnated fat turtles and small pieces sutured to the sole. As a result, even a sword or spear could not pierce it.
Interestingly, similar in design waraji until the Second World War had a wide circulation in the territory of the former principality of Ogaki Toda, only there instead of to the bottom of the crust, like scales, sewn metal platelets. They were called "Kane-but waraji" - "iron waraji».
Fig. 4. Straw sandals warajiTraditional thatched
waraji sit at the foot loose and now and then go back and forth. If in everyday life it is almost do not pay attention, during the long journey on foot man very quickly reveals the true meaning of such "trifles": too much in the unfortunate traveler sore feet. To prevent turbulence sandals, ninja sewn to the heels of his "socks" tabi two thin metal bent cloves, dig into the sole of the shoe and is called waraji-simegu - "holders waraji" Fig. 5.
To waraji slide in the ice and leather B-nobi waraji did not contribute to stability in these conditions, the ninja used special devices called "Subaru-dome." Subaru-dome is a metal plate width eye-
Lo 1 cm with a few spikes, binds across the sole and provides a reliable grip. However, nothing particularly specific to this device not. Similar pieces used by all who need to stand firmly on the slippery surface: Climbers and footballers, athletes and just ordinary citizens, not partial to acrobatic tricks in the ice.
Fig. 5. Waraji-simegu - "holders waraji»Their faces
ninjas hiding under the guise of a rag-zu Kin Fig. 6. About its design is no consensus. So, Nava Yumio claims that it was just a long - up to 180 cm - narrow - about 24 cm - a strip of cloth. It can be used not only as a mask, but as a rope to pull a comrade on the wall, tying up a prisoner as a tourniquet to the limb above the wound dressings, as a respirator in smoky areas as water filter, etc. as a mask tape were used as follows: mid-imposed on top, the ends tied together under the chin, wrapped them in the direction of the neck, the front of the closed ends and tied at the nape. As a result, only his eyes remained open. All other details were safely hidden under a cloth. Sometimes the dzukin hid slim dagger.
However, at the Museum of ninjutsu schools Iga-ryu in Iga Ueno, and the Museum of ninjutsu schools Koga Ryu in Conan pre-
Fig. 6. Hoods worn not only ninja. Their useInstead
hats in the cold or when a person wanted to remain anonymous engraving depicting actor Nakamura Gandziro as Kamiya Dziheya in the play "Double murder in Amidzima»
put various options hoods. The simplest version of the hood was a cap of thick fabric, tighten the neck cord or ribbon. The museum ninja in Conan can also see a sample cap with sewn rectangle of fabric designed specifically for better concealment person Scouting Fig. 7.During
secret penetration into the enemy castle over his ninja costume ninja-sedzoku put one or two capes uvappari similar to the front
the Cape Samurai haori or haori jacket with pockets in the bottom of the sleeve. It is these garments can be quickly put on and take off, it was very important for a spy. In case of a spy could moment-
Fig. 7. Facemasks dzukin shaped hood drawing on a photograph taken at the Museum "Ninja Yashiki" of Conan, Japan
experimental slip ring of guards, dropping the upper jacket or immediately erecting a "double" for bait and distraction pursuers ametori trick-no jutsu.Some samples
outerwear ninja had a very long-sleeve pockets tamoto - up to 3 meters! In this case, the outer side of the left flap sewn lace, which tied up pocket-tamoto when not in use.
Outside and Inside Out outerwear had different colors. On the outside of all the elements of camouflage suits and gear Ninja jacket and pants, face mask dzukin, towel-sandzyaku tenugui cat kaginava etc. were painted in yellow-brown color in different shades. Japanese authors call a dozen different colors, but for all of them in the Russian language there is no equivalent. However, we are talking about colors representing different shades of red-
Novato, brown, gray or dark gray. Costumes just such colors would "soldiers Nights" completely dissolve in the darkness of night. Black is a color that is very often used "ninja" in the popular action movies, medieval "stealth" attracted little as absolutely black suit stands out in the darkness of night.On the reverse side
costumes painted in yellow, blue or white.
Obviously, the color of the outer side and the wrong side determined by the situation. For example, a summer night in a suit should wield persimmon color, and winter snow, against a wall or fence, painted white, on the white sand or pebbles - in shinobi-sedzoku white.All
ninja attire was baggy. Smoothing the contours of the body, it has helped a spy to "dissolve" the castle at dusk transitions and slip under the nose guard.
few words should be said about the underwear ninja, which, strictly speaking, to shinobi-sedzoku attributed impossible. Like all Japanese ninja wearing a loincloth simoobi fundoshi, replaces briefs. Typically, this option is used as simoobi Etchu - loincloth with special ribbons Fig. 8. Like all Japanese military, she was white, and was made of cotton fabric. Simoobi had a length of about 170 cm and a width of about 30 cm to both ends of the ribbon sewn headbands. One end of the bandage was folded and sutured in such a way that the resulting loop could miss thin ribbon about 1 m long, which was tied around the neck. To the other end tightly sewn wider ribbon length of about 140 cm, tighten the belt. Neck ribbon had a width of about 1 cm and the belt - about 1.5 cm
wears a loincloth as follows-
Together. Please neck ribbon tied around the neck so that the knot turned back, and she went down a strip of cloth. Armband was passed between the legs bent upwards to cover the buttocks, and tied a ribbon sewn across the fabric on the abdomen.Sometimes
ninja used simoobi without neck ribbon. Then it was made 60 cm longer and cut this piece into two ribbons that wrapped around his neck and tying-
Fig. 8. Loincloth simoobi fundoshi
were at the rear side. So simple loincloth option existed other simoobi makes it easy to defecate without removing clothes. In addition, you can wear a bandage faster than usual.Fully
costume shinobi-sedzoku wore follows. First Ninja simoobi wore a loincloth, then winded belly piece of bleached cotton cloth about 10 meters long. Wore kimono undershirt jacket made of thin fabric with a vertical split-jacket uwagi. Pants pulled yoke-bakama. Shoes "socks" tabi and sandals waraji. Swathes feet on-
kyahan Hanks and pulled on his hands Tekki. Tucked sleeve pockets tamoto jacket and pulling off their cord. Tightens belt dodzime. Tie facemask zu-kin. Thrust his sword in his belt and a kunai. On the right side of the pouch hung from every little thing, cat kaginava, bamboo tube with "Chestnuts"-KHISI inside. Laid out the necessary stuff for ten pockets scattered throughout the clothes. Now Ninja was ready for night operation Fig. 9.
Although many believe shinobi-sedzoku characteristic medieval costume spies, actually not so simple. The fact that in the ancient teachings on ninjutsu we never find descriptions shinobi-sedzoku.
interesting to trace the evolution of images ninja. According to British historian Stephen Turnbull, the oldest images are contained in the book of ninja "Hojo godayki" "Legend of the five generations of home-the Progress," published in 1659. It has several pictures showing RAAPA Fuma headed by the famous Phouma Kotaro and their enemies, spies cous Take-dy Katsuyori Fig. 10. However, they both are dressed not in special camouflage suits, and standard apparel ordinary infantrymen ashigaru. And only a hundred years in the Osaka edition 1802 novel "Ehon Taiko ki" "Illustrated story about tai to [Hideyoshi]" we find the first image ninja ninja-sedzoku it can be found in the book "The Way of the invisible" on. 367. From this one can draw several conclusions. First, the costumes used sedzoku shinobi-not all ninjas, and can only be "invisible" of the Iga and Koga. Secondly, there is the likelihood that such suits generally appeared only in the middle of the Tokugawa era.
Fig. 9. 10. 11.
Fig. 11. Kawari Gore-drawing on a photograph taken at the Museum "Ninja Yashiki" of the Iga Ueno, JapanIf you opened
enemies and rushed for you to chase better to be dressed in a bright jacket, attracting the attention of color. Then it will be possible, for a moment, looking up from the enemy, throw it away and get on to the stone lantern, statue, tree, pole, for a few seconds to divert the attention of the pursuers, and himself using camouflage suit to dissolve in the darkness of night.
Yumio Nava argues that when jumping from a great height "night demons" used uvappari jacket instead of a parachute. For this jacket removed, seized the ends of the sleeves and hands stretched to the maximum width, the middle part of the hem was clamped in his teeth, and his hands raised upward and outward. Uvappari inflated by the wind like a sail and significantly weakened the impact on the ground at the time of landing.If
time to throw a jacket in ninja was not, he just grabs hands angles hem maximum bred them to the side and raised high above his head so that he grew up on his shoulders a small triangular sail, which nevertheless significantly reduced the risk of injury when jumping from a great height.